Bhopal : Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said that “Victorious world tricolor is lovely, our flag stays high, its pride should not be known, even if life is lost.” This was not just a song but the mantra of freedom struggle. India has always been culturally one. Our country has a proud history. The prosperity of India was discussed all over the world. As a result of this many foreign powers like Portuguese, Dutch, British etc. came to India and we had to be enslaved due to mutual division. The struggle against the British started in India in the year 1761 with the Sanyasi Rebellion and the Fakir Rebellion. The first freedom struggle was started by Amar Shaheed Mangal Pandey in 1857. Our country became independent as a result of the sacrifices of many martyrs in the long struggle for freedom. Our flag played a very important role in this fight for freedom.
Chief Minister Shri Chouhan was addressing “Shivraj Mama ki Pathshala” at Model School, Bhopal. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan informed the students present in the class about the “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign, freedom struggle, development story of the national flag and rules for hoisting the tricolor. Chairman of Board of Secondary Education Mrs. Veera Rana, Principal Secretary School Education Mrs. Rashmi Arun Shami, Commissioner Public Education Mr. Abhay Verma, Director State Education Center Mr. Dhanraju S were present. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan inaugurated the program by lighting the lamp. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan also released the leaflet developed by Model School Bhopal for “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign.
Chief Minister Shri Chouhan told the students that now there is a need to live for the country, not die. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan inspired the students to join the activities of environment-protection and social welfare with dedication towards the country. He said that the State Government is making all possible efforts for the popularization of sports in the State.
Giving brief information about the freedom struggle, Chief Minister Shri Chouhan gave the Civil Disobedience Movement including the contribution of Mahatma Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Shaheed Azam Bhagat Singh, Veer Savarkar, Chapekar brothers, Chandrashekhar Azad, Pandit Ramprasad Bismil, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Jallian Wala Bagh. etc. highlighted.
Chief Minister Shri Chouhan said that Prime Minister Shri Modi has launched “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign to encourage people to bring the Tricolor home and hoist it to celebrate the 75th year of India’s independence with enthusiasm. Its purpose is to inculcate the spirit of patriotism in the hearts of the people and to celebrate the Amrit Mahotsav of freedom with the spirit of public participation. He said that we should buy the national flag with our earnings and hoist it.
Chief Minister Shri Chouhan threw light on the development story of the national flag in an interesting manner. A pictorial presentation of the various changes that took place in the evolution of the flag was done. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan informed the students about the important points :-
Margaret Noble, an Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda, prepared a national flag in the year 1905 with the girls of Nivedita Girls’ School in Kolkata. Vajra was made in this flag, which was a symbol of power. In its center was carved a white lotus, which was a symbol of purity.
The first national flag of India was hoisted on 7 August 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square Green Park in Kolkata. It had three stripes of red, yellow and green, with Vande Mataram written in the middle.
Madame Bhikaji Cama and her fellow revolutionaries unfurled the national flag at the convention site of the Second Socialist Congress in Stuttgart, Germany, in August 1907. It was the first Indian flag to be flown on foreign soil. It was named ‘Flag of India’s Independence’.
A new flag was adopted in the year 1917 as a major part of the Home Rule Movement aimed at establishing self-government in India. It had 5 red and 5 green horizontal stripes and seven stars in the shape of a sage.
In April 1921, the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi felt the need for an Indian flag. The spinning wheel was made in the center of this flag. Gandhiji asked Pingali Venkayya to design a flag with a spinning wheel. In this flag, white color was also added along with red and green.
The three-colour flag was prepared by Pingali Venkayya in the Congress session held in Karachi in the year 1931. This flag was adopted as the national flag of India. In this, red color was considered as a symbol of sacrifice, white color of purity and green color as a symbol of hope. The spinning wheel, a symbol of the country’s progress, was added to its centre.
On 22 July 1947, the Constituent Assembly adopted the national flag of independent India in its present form. It has saffron color on the top which signifies strength and courage. It has white color in the middle, which symbolizes peace and truth. At the bottom is green, which represents the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land. At the center of the present form of the flag is a circle with twenty-four spokes. The purpose of this chakra is to show that there is life in motion.
Giving information about the length-width ratio of the tricolor, the points to be kept in mind while hoisting the flag and the Flag Code of India, Chief Minister Shri Chouhan said that the National Flag of India reflects the hopes and aspirations of the people of India. It is a symbol of national pride. Whenever the national flag is hoisted, it should be given a respectful place. It should be placed in such a place from where it is clearly visible. Where the flag is displayed in the open or is displayed at home by a person of the public, it may be flown during the day and night. The flag should always be flown with enthusiasm and lowered slowly with respect. If the trumpet is played while hoisting and lowering the flag, care should be taken that the flag is raised and lowered with the sound of the trumpet.
Chief Minister Shri Chouhan also resolved the queries of the students regarding the development sequence of the national flag. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan also resolved the questions of Shri Dev Baiga of Government Boys High School, Sohagpur Shahdol, Kumari Saloni Soni of Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Boyan District Sehore, Shri Anuj Parmar of Model School Bhopal and Kumari Sonia Meena.